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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was one of the greatest composers of all time. His music has a natural flow and irresistible charm, and can express humor, joy or sorrow with both conviction and mastery...

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Monday, November 23, 2015

Piano Concerto No. 9 Jenamy (Jeunehomme) in E-flat major, K. 271





  The Piano Concerto No. 9 Jenamy (Jeunehomme) in E-flat major, K. 271, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was written in Salzburg in 1777, when Mozart was 21 years old. The work is highly regarded by critics. Charles Rosen has called it "perhaps the first unequivocal masterpiece of the classical style." Alfred Brendel has called it "one of the greatest wonders of the world." Alfred Einstein dubbed it "Mozart's Eroica." Girdlestone was not quite as effusive in his praise, however, noting that the slow movement, while a great leap forward for Mozart, was still somewhat limited and the work as a whole was not equal to the piano concertos from the composer's peak in Vienna from 1784–87, nor equal to his best compositions overall. The work has long been known as the Jeunehomme Concerto. Théodore de Wyzéwa and Georges de Saint-Foix claimed that Mozart wrote the piece for a French pianist 'Jeunehomme' visiting Salzburg. This name is however incorrect; in 2004 Michael Lorenz demonstrated that the name was actually Victoire Jenamy (1749–1812), a daughter of Jean-Georges Noverre, a dancer who was one of Mozart's friends. Mozart had made Victoire Jenamy's acquaintance during his stay in Vienna in 1773. WIKIPEDIA

VIDEO: W.A. Mozart Piano Concerto No.9 in E flat Major K. 271 "Jeunehomme" Mitsuko Uchida - Piano Jeffrey Tate - Conductor
 

Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Symphony no 34 K 338

Symphony No. 34 in C Major, K. 338, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1780, and completed on August 29. The work is scored for 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. Although most symphonies have four movements, this symphony has only three, which was still common in the early classical period: 1. Allegro vivace, 4/4 2. Andante di molto (più tosto Allegretto), 2/4 in F major 3. Finale: Allegro vivace, 6/8. The symphony features the fanfares and flourishes typical of the "festive symphony" or "trumpet symphony", which is characteristic of Austrian symphonic writing in C major. This is the first of Mozart's C-major symphonies to exhibit this character, but the style would be revisited in his subsequent two works in this key, the 36th and 41st symphonies. The first movement is written in sonata form but also contains many styles and formal aspects of an Italian overture. There is no expositional repeat. The expositional coda contains an overture-like crescendo which is not included in the recapitulation. The development is based entirely on new material. The recapitulation on the exposition's first theme is abbreviated and interrupted by a brief development of that theme. Finally, the movement's coda contains nearly all of this first theme creating the appearance of a reverse-recapitulation common in Italian overtures. The second movement in F major is scored for strings sotto voce with divided violas and a single bassoon doubling the cellos and bass. Alfred Einstein advanced a theory in the third edition of the Köchel catalogue that the Minuet K. 409 was written at a later date by the composer for this work. However, there is no proof in the sources to support his thesis. Also, K. 409 calls for two flutes in its orchestration which does not match the rest of the symphony. The finale is in sonata form and features energetic tarantella or saltarello rhythms.

 

VIDEO

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Mozart - Symphony No. 33 in B flat, K. 319

The Symphony No. 33 in B flat major, K. 319, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and dated on 9 July 1779. Composed in Salzburg and The minuet was added in 1782 in Vienna. Published as Op. 7 No. 2 in 1785. The work runs approximately 19 minutes in performance and is scored for 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, and orchestral strings. No. 33 contains many passages of almost chamber-like intimacy, in contrast to the grand, public manner of the Paris Symphony in particular. The absence of trumpets in the orchestra increased that quality. It was one of his few symphonies to appear in print during his lifetime. The Vienna firm Artaria published it in 1785.

Composition Year 1779, revised 1782 or 1785.



VIDEO: The Academy of Ancient Music, conducted by Christopher Hogwood.

Monday, September 28, 2015

Mozart - Symphony No. 31 "Paris" in D major K 297

The Symphony No. 31 in D major, K. 297/300a, better known as the Paris Symphony, is one of the more famous symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The work was composed in 1778 during Mozart's unsuccessful job-hunting sojourn in Paris. The composer was then 22 years old. The premiere took place on 12 June 1778 in a private performance in the home of Count Karl Heinrich Joseph von Sickingen, the ambassador of the Electorate of the Palatinate. The public premiere took place six days later in a performance at the Concert Spirituel. The work received a positive review in the June 26 issue of the Courrier de l'Europe, published in London.

  WIKIPEDIA



VIDEO: Conductor - Nikolaus Harnoncourt Wiener Philharmoniker Musikvereinssaal Wien, 1984 

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Symphony No. 29 in A major, K. 201/186a

The Symphony No. 29 in A major, K. 201/186a, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 April 1774. It is, along with Symphony No. 25, one of his better known early symphonies. Stanley Sadie characterizes it as "a landmark ... personal in tone, indeed perhaps more individual in its combination of an intimate, chamber music style with a still fiery and impulsive manner." The symphony is scored for 2 oboes, 2 horns and strings, as was typical of early-period Mozart symphonies.

  VIDEO:

Friday, September 25, 2015

The Symphony in D major "No. 50", K. 161/141a; Il sogno di Scipione, K. 126

The Symphony in D major "No. 50", K. 161/141a, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1772. The first two movements are from the overture to the opera Il sogno di Scipione, K. 126, and the last movement, K. 163, was composed separately. Köchel gave the entire work the number K. 161 (revised to K. 141a in later editions). WIKIPEDIA
VIDEO: The symphony is set in 3 movements: 1. Allegro moderato (0:00) 2. Andante (2:52) 3. Presto - K 163 (5:20) Mozart composed a finale (K 163) in Milan in 1772 to add to the first two movements of the overture to Il sogno di Scipione. Performers: The Academy of Ancient Music, conducted by Christopher Hogwood.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

Piano Concerto No 24 in C minor, K 491

Mozart Statue by Viktor Tilgner, 1892, Burggarten, Vienna


  The Piano Concerto No. 24 in C Minor, K. 491, is a concerto for keyboard (usually a piano or fortepiano) and orchestra composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart composed the concerto in the winter of 1785–1786, finishing it on 24 March 1786, three weeks after the completion of the Piano Concerto No. 23 (K. 488) in A Major. He premiered the work in early April 1786 at the Burgtheater in Vienna. The work is one of Mozart's most advanced compositions in the concerto genre. Its early admirers included Ludwig van Beethoven and Johannes Brahms. Musicologist Arthur Hutchings considered it to be Mozart's greatest piano concerto. WIKIPEDIA VIDEO: Mozart - Piano Concerto No 24 in C minor, K 491 Vladimir Feltsman, piano Moscow Soloists Chamber Orchestra Yuri Bashmet, conductor

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Mozart - Concerto no 23 in A major k 488

The Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major (K. 488) is a musical composition for piano and orchestra written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It was finished, according to Mozart's own catalogue, on March 2, 1786, around the time of the premiere of his opera, The Marriage of Figaro. It was one of three subscription concerts given that spring and was probably played by Mozart himself at one of these. The concerto is scored for piano solo and an orchestra consisting of one flute, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns and strings. In Mozart's later works the wind instruments are equal to the stringed instruments, and this is also the case in this concerto.
WIKIPEDIA

 VIDEO: - Daniil Trifonov and the Israel Camerata Orchestra 

Piano Concerto No. 22 in E flat major, K. 482

The Piano Concerto No. 22 in E flat major, K. 482, is a concertante work for piano, or pianoforte, and orchestra by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart composed the concerto in December of 1785. This is the first piano concerto of Mozart's to include clarinets in its scoring, and is scored for solo piano, flute, two clarinets (in B-flat), two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpani (in E-flat and B-flat), and strings. WIKIPEDIA


VIDEO: • Kristian Bezuidenhout: fortepiano Freiburg Baroque Orchestra Conducted by Petra Müllejans 

 

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